Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (2024)

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Racial Identities Ethnicity FAQs

These tabs offer a small selection of resources on race, culture, and ethnicity. For more recommendations see this list of more resourcesor explore the NU Libraries website.

  • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (1)Minor Feelings: an Asian American Reckoning by Cathy Park Hong

    "[A] formidable new essay collection . . . I read Minor Feelings in a fugue of enveloping recognition and distancing flinch. . . . [Cathy Park] Hong is writing in agonized pursuit of a liberation that doesn't look white--a new sound, a new affect, a new consciousness--and the result feels like what she was waiting for."--Jia Tolentino, author of Trick Mirror "Minor Feelings is a major reckoning, pulling no punches as the author uses her life's flashpoints to give voice to a wider Asian American experience, one with cascading consequences."--NPR "Hong dissects her experiences as an Asian American to create an intricate meditation on racial awareness in the U.S. Through a combination of cultural criticism and personal stories, Hong, a poet, lays bare the shame and confusion she felt in her youth as the daughter of Korean immigrants, and the way those feelings morphed as she grew older. From analyzing Richard Pryor's stand-up to interrogating her relationship with the English language, Hong underscores essential themes of identity and otherness."--Time "Cathy Park Hong's new memoir confronts the tough questions of Asian American identity. Drawing its title from Hong's theory regarding the impact of racial stereotypes and lies on ethnic minorities, this memoir-in-essays is a must-read at a time of rising racist violence and distrust."--Bustle "An incendiary nonfiction book about a pressing social issue of the day . . . With its mix of the personal and political, Minor Feelings is the kind of trenchant social critique that's bound to get people talking."--BuzzFeed "Hong busts out of the closed loop of Asian American discourse and takes off at a run. It's not that she doesn't address the model minority myth, the brutality of casual racism, or the mortifications of a first-gen childhood; she writes passionately about how Asians are dismissed, the lowly 'carpenter ants of the service industry.' It's just that she also makes every 'immigrant talking point,' as she calls them, viscerally specific. . . . Hong's essays make a case for solidarity that begins at self-awareness."--GEN "At-times funny, often deeply thought-provoking work . . . Minor Feelings is an urgent consideration of identity, social structures, and artistic practice. It's a necessary intervention in a world burgeoning with creativity but stymied by a lack of language and ability to grapple with nuance. Hong takes a step in remedying that."--Chicago Review of Books "Self aware and relentlessly sharp essays. Nimble, smart, and deliberate, Minor Feelings is a major conversation starter."--Marie Claire "With radical candor, Cathy Hong Park critically examines what it means to be Asian American today and challenges herself and her readers to abandon the idea of a monolithic Asian American experience and instead acknowledge a range of racialized emotions which have been heretofore dismissed."--Ms. "Part memoir, part cultural criticism, the poet and essayist's Cathy Park Hong's first book of prose had me underlining and annotating nearly every page."--R. O. Kwon, Electric Literature

    ISBN: 9781984820372

    Publication Date: 2020-02-25

  • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (2)Inventing Latinos: A New Story of American Racism by Gomez, Laura E.

    Latinos are the second-largest demographic in the United States, but is “Latino” an ethnic identity or a racial one? How can Latino be a race if Latinos themselves can be various races? In her book, Inventing Latinos, UCLA Law professor Laura E. Gómez makes the case that Latinos are both. She does so by examining the ways that American colonialism in Latin America and laws in the United States have led to the racialization of Latinos by denying them “full and equal participation in American life.”

    ISBN: 9781620971789

    Publication Date: 2020

  • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (3)The Undocumented Americans by Karla Cornejo Villavicencio

    FINALIST FOR THE NATIONAL BOOK AWARD * One of the first undocumented immigrants to graduate from Harvard reveals the hidden lives of her fellow undocumented Americans in this deeply personal and groundbreaking portrait of a nation. LONGLISTED FOR THE PORCHLIGHT BUSINESS BOOK AWARD * "Karla's book sheds light on people's personal experiences and allows their stories to be told and their voices to be heard."--Selena Gomez   NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY VULTURE AND ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Book Review * Time * NPR * The New York Public Library * Book Riot * Library Journal Writer Karla Cornejo Villavicencio was on DACA when she decided to write about being undocumented for the first time using her own name. It was right after the election of 2016, the day she realized the story she'd tried to steer clear of was the only one she wanted to tell.  So she wrote her immigration lawyer's phone number on her hand in Sharpie and embarked on a trip across the country to tell the stories of her fellow undocumented immigrants--and to find the hidden key to her own.    Looking beyond the flashpoints of the border or the activism of the DREAMers, Cornejo Villavicencio explores the lives of the undocumented--and the mysteries of her own life. She finds the singular, effervescent characters across the nation often reduced in the media to political pawns or nameless laborers. The stories she tells are not deferential or naively inspirational but show the love, magic, heartbreak, insanity, and vulgarity that infuse the day-to-day lives of her subjects.    In New York, we meet the undocumented workers who were recruited into the federally funded Ground Zero cleanup after 9/11. In Miami, we enter the ubiquitous botanicas, which offer medicinal herbs and potions to those whose status blocks them from any other healthcare options. In Flint, Michigan, we learn of demands for state ID in order to receive life-saving clean water. In Connecticut, Cornejo Villavicencio, childless by choice, finds family in two teenage girls whose father is in sanctuary. And through it all we see the author grappling with the biggest questions of love, duty, family, and survival.    In her incandescent, relentlessly probing voice, Karla Cornejo Villavicencio combines sensitive reporting and powerful personal narratives to bring to light remarkable stories of resilience, madness, and death. Through these stories we come to understand what it truly means to be a stray. An expendable. A hero. An American.

    ISBN: 9780399592690

    Publication Date: 2020-03-24

  • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (4)As Long as Grass Grows: The Indigenous Fight for Environmental Justice, From Colonization to Standing Rock by Gilio-Whitaker, Dina,

    The standing rock saga -- Environmental justice theory and its limitations for indigenous peoples -- Genocide by any other name, a history of indigenous environmental injustice -- The complicated legacy of western expansion and the industrial revolution -- Food is medicine, water is life, American Indian health and the environment -- (Not so) strange bedfellows, Indian country's ambivalent relationship with the environmental movement -- Hearts not on the ground, indigenous women's leadership and more cultural clashes -- Sacred sites and environmental justice -- Ways forward for environmental justice in Indian country."Interrogating the concept of environmental justice in the U.S. as it relates to Indigenous peoples, this book argues that a different framework must apply compared to other marginalized communities, while it also attends to the colonial history and structure of the U.S. and ways Indigenous peoples continue to resist, and ways the mainstream environmental movement has been an impediment to effective organizing and allyship"--

    ISBN: 9780807073797

    Publication Date: 2019

  • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (5)Envisioning Religion, Race, and Asian Americans by David K. Yoo (Editor, Series edited by, Contribution by)

    In Envisioning Religion, Race, and Asian Americans, David K. Yoo and Khyati Y. Joshi assemble a wide-ranging and important collection of essays documenting the intersections of race and religion and Asian American communities--a combination so often missing both in the scholarly literature and in public discourse. Issues of religion and race/ethnicity undergird current national debates around immigration, racial profiling, and democratic freedoms, but these issues, as the contributors document, are longstanding ones in the United States. The essays feature dimensions of traditions such as Islam, Hinduism, and Sikhism, as well as how religion engages with topics that include religious affiliation (or lack thereof), the legacy of the Vietnam War, and popular culture. The contributors also address the role of survey data, pedagogy, methodology, and literature that is richly complementary and necessary for understanding the scope and range of the subject of Asian American religions. These essays attest to the vibrancy and diversity of Asian American religions, while at the same time situating these conversations in a scholarly lineage and discourse. This collection will certainly serve as an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and general readers with interests in Asian American religions, ethnic and Asian American studies, religious studies, American studies, and related fields that focus on immigration and race.

    ISBN: 0824884191

    Publication Date: 2020

Explore these databases to find articles and other resources:

  • Ethnic NewsWatch (Proquest) This link opens in a new window

    • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (6)

    Interdisciplinary, bilingual (English and Spanish) full text newspapers, magazines and journals of American ethnic, minority and indigenous communities. Offers additional viewpoints from those proffered by the mainstream press.

  • Historical Black Newspapers (ProQuest) This link opens in a new window

    • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (7)

    A rich collection important to a full understanding of Unites States history. Includes the Atlanta Daily World (1931-2003), Baltimore Afro-American (1893-1988), Chicago Defender (1910-1975),Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005), New York Amsterdam News (1922-1993), and the Pittsburgh Courier (1911-2002).

  • Sociological Abstracts (ProQuest) This link opens in a new window

    • Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (8)

    A comprehensive database of books, articles, and dissertations in sociology and related disciplines, from 1952 to the present. International in scope, links to full text.

About RACE:

Racial Identities

American Indian or Alaska Native

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.

Asian Americans

earlier designation as Asian American and Pacific Islander; some resources may still use this older category
A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Black or African American

A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.

  • I Am Not Your Negro -Using James Baldwin's unfinished final manuscript, Remember This House, this documentary follows the lives and successive assassinations of three of the author's friends, Medgar Evers, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., delving into the legacy of these iconic figures and narrating historic events using Baldwin's original words and a flood of rich archival material.
  • Code Switch -Podcast series of conversations about race and its impact on all aspects of society, hosted by journalists of color.

Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

  • Mokuola Honua -mission is "to reestablish the prominence of indigenous perspectives in modern contexts, in our homelands and globally, from a strong foundation of fluency in our mother tongues."
  • Off Shore: Far From Home - special project from Honolulu Civil Beat that explores the Native Hawaiian diaspora and painful questions about identity, family and culture. The Civil Beat websiteincludes a wide variety of local journalism about current issues impacting native Hawaiian people and culture.


A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.


U.S. federal government agencies must adhere tostandards issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which specify that race and Hispanic origin (also known as ethnicity) are two separate and distinct concepts.

Hispanic or Latinx

  • Boston's Latino Community History -The documents, images, and posters in this digital archivedocument public policy formation, community relations, affordable housing, urban planning and housing rehabilitation, cultural and educational programming, violence prevention, and minority rights in Boston during the last decades of the 20th century.
  • Pew Research Center: Hispanic TrendsPew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
  • When Labels Don't Fit: Hispanics and Their Views of Identity -This report from Pew Research Center explores Latinos’ attitudes about their identity; their language usage patterns; their core values; and their views about the U.S. and their families’ country of origin.

Looking for a topic?

Consider one of these:

  • cultural appropriation
  • colonization or imperialism
  • discrimination or racism
  • biracial or multiracial identity
Research Subject Guides: Diversity, Equity & Inclusion: Race, Culture, & Ethnicity (2024)


How do you promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in research? ›

Develop practices that support and include all team members

Invest the time to establish shared expectations for working together, clarify how contributions will be appropriately acknowledged and credited, and establish a process for how to raise concerns and resolve conflicts.

How to embed a racial and ethnic equity perspective in research practice guidance for the research process? ›

Five guiding principles of a racial and ethnic equity perspective
  1. Examine your own background and biases.
  2. Make a commitment to dig deeper into the data.
  3. Recognize the impact the research process itself has on communities, and acknowledge your role in ensuring that research benefits communities.
Oct 3, 2019

What do diversity, equity, and inclusion mean? ›

Diversity, equity and inclusion is a term used to describe policies and programs that promote the representation and participation of different groups of individuals. DEI encompasses people of different ages, races, ethnicities, abilities, disabilities, genders, religions, cultures and sexual orientations.

Why is diversity and inclusion important in research? ›

Second, many groups of people have been left out of research in the past. This means researchers know less about their health. By studying data from a diverse group of people, researchers can learn more about what makes people sick or keeps them healthy.

How can I demonstrate diversity, equity, and inclusion? ›

How to Promote Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Workplace
  1. Change the way you recruit and vet candidates.
  2. Educate your leaders.
  3. Create an inclusive workplace.
  4. Acknowledge and celebrate employee differences.
  5. Create a workspace where everyone's voice is heard and valued.
  6. Review your anti-discrimination policies.
Nov 1, 2022

What are three ways to promote diversity? ›

  • 8 Ways to Improve Diversity in the Workplace. ...
  • Address Unconscious Bias. ...
  • Extend DEI to the Hiring Process. ...
  • Acknowledge Intersectionality and Cultural Diversity. ...
  • Embrace Employee Resource Groups (ERGs) ...
  • Invest in Mentorship Programs. ...
  • Use Employee Surveys for Feedback. ...
  • Mix Up Teams.
Mar 11, 2024

How do you ask about race and ethnicity in research? ›

Here's a shortlist of the same question asked differently:
  1. What racial or ethnic groups describe you?
  2. What race/ethnicity best describes you?
  3. What do you consider yourself to be?
  4. Ethnicity: (insert what best describes your ethnicity)

How to promote racial equity and inclusion in the workplace? ›

Expanding your network to include minority-owned business owners who can share ideas and best practices. Implementing inclusive recruitment practices. Mandating effective online diversity training for your employees to help strengthen interactions with minority business owners and your community.

Should participants in research reflect the diversity of our culture and conditions? ›

Participants in research should reflect the diversity of our culture and conditions, taking into account race, ethnicity, gender, age, etc. The lack of diversity among research participants has serious ethical and research consequences.

How to answer what is diversity to you? ›

I believe that diversity means representation across a wide range of traits, backgrounds, and experiences. When we can connect and engage with coworkers with different perspectives than our own, we can more successfully achieve our overall goals. Inclusion refers to a sense of belonging in any environment.

What is the answer to diversity, equity, and inclusion? ›

Diversity means differences in people; equity means fairness; inclusion means belonging.

What is an example of diversity and inclusion? ›

It includes avoiding gendered terms (e.g., guys or paternal leave), being mindful of cultural differences, and using inclusive greetings, for example, “Hello all” instead of “Dear Sir/Madam.”

How to improve diversity in research? ›

5 tips for increasing diversity in clinical trial patient recruitment
  1. Select sites near communities you'd like to reach. ...
  2. Offer hybrid participation options for site visits. ...
  3. Work with organizations capable of reaching diverse communities. ...
  4. Build trust between participants and researchers.
Jan 23, 2023

Why is ethnicity important in research? ›

Representation by self-identified race and ethnicity is important to generalizability of study findings, but interpretation requires clarity of thought. Racial categories are socially constructed and do not have a biological basis, as is noted at the outset of this report.

What is diversity in easy words? ›

Definition. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, “diversity” is defined as “the practice or quality of including or involving people from a range of different social and ethnic backgrounds and of different genders, sexual orientations, etc.” [1].

How to incorporate DEI in research? ›

  1. Number 1 — Use an 'Equity' Lens First.
  2. Number 2 — Include the Individual Community's Values, Strengths and Priorities.
  3. Number 3 — Build a Diverse Team.

How to increase diversity in research? ›

5 tips for increasing diversity in clinical trial patient recruitment
  1. Select sites near communities you'd like to reach. ...
  2. Offer hybrid participation options for site visits. ...
  3. Work with organizations capable of reaching diverse communities. ...
  4. Build trust between participants and researchers.
Jan 23, 2023

How will you promote diversity equality and inclusion? ›

This includes removing barriers that might make people feel unwelcome. The principles of diversity encompass equality and diversity and involve treating people with respect and dignity, valuing people's differences, and removing unfair and inappropriate barriers and judgements based on equality and merit.

What is EDI in research? ›

Equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI)

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